A Product

A product is a meta-organism with replication (or more unit sales) as its goal, given a set of constraints imposed by its environment consisting of multiple stakeholders.

Sounds familiar? The comparison of products to organisms is not co-incidental. The ‘meta’ in the definition signifies that a product is neither living nor non-living but just an abstract entity or a concept, which may or may not have physical manifestations in the environment. The boundary of what classifies as an organism or living is, first of all, debatable. To put things in perspective, the largest living organism, Armillaria ostoyae, is…


Google was designed in 1998 with the invention of a page-rank algorithm that was heavily dependent upon storage of links to websites and coming up with a complex optimization algorithm to present those links to user in an order that the user is likely to find most useful.

Google decided to adopt a monetization strategy of giving out top few links to advertisers for a fee. …


The current Covid-19 quarantine situation has led me back to the world of gaming, which has fortunately saved me from eternal boredom. I recently got back to playing Gears of War on Xbox, and decided to write a review about it to share my admiration for the game. Hope you find it helpful.

Gears 5 is an award-winning action-packet third-person shooter game, also the sixth installment of Gears of War series. I find this game to have one of the best visceral game design aspects that involve impeccable coordination between visuals, sound effects and gameplay as described below.

Achieving 60fps…


Automobile manufacturers across the world have begun to realize the threat of the biggest disruption in automobile sector — commoditization of cars, which means indifference to design, efficiency and other characteristic attributes of cars. Several recent trends have led to this.

First is a drop in pleasure derived from driving cars on a day-to-day basis. This has been due to various factors, with the largest one being a great urban-rural migration. Due to high-demand in tertiary services sector and increased automation of agriculture and manufacturing sectors, there has been an drastic shift of employment opportunities from rural towns and villages…


Inefficiencies and lack of technological advancement in the finance sector has been a widely discussed topic in the technological community for a couple decades. This has led to spurring of FinTech, a tech ecosystem which is being nourished by both Finance and Technology industries, as Technology companies seek to diversify and Finance companies seek to plug gaps in their user experience. This is seen in partnership between Apple and Goldman Sachs for AppleCard in the US, Transferwise (international money-transfer) and BPCE Groupe (France’s second largest bank) in Europe, and Google and HDFC & ICICI banks (India’s two of the largest…


I recently read a story about how internet, when it arrived fully in the 1990s, was expected by many to decentralize workplace culture in a way that people would be able to work remotely from anywhere, anytime. What ended up happening was the opposite. Cities became a more entangled ecosystem with Yelps, Google Maps, DeliveryHeros and TaskRabbits of the world, which convinced people to stay around each other rather than take advantage of internet’s newfound capabilities of working remotely. Moreover, Google and many other tech companies that initially opened up offices in remote locations of the world later realized that…


In a communication class in business school, I was asked to prepare a 5-minute persuasive speech and a persuasive memo on a subject of my choice. I chose to speak and write about an issue that I care deeply about — the preservation of spatial entities and fairness in space.

Below is a summarized written version of the speech, which I presented in a simulated environment with me as Chancellor, Germany and the audience being the G-7 group of countries:

In this memo, I propose to you a new government, a Republic of Space, as the 196th country to UN…


One of the biggest problems faced by internet-tech industry is how to balance personalization with privacy.

I was thinking of a way which could potentially make this happen. For context, currently a very small portion of data (cache) resides on the client-side server on our desktops, tablets and phones. …


Today, Waymo bagged license from California government to test autonomous vehicles in public. Waymo started in 2009, demonstrated early results through its first autonomous ride in 2015 and demonstrates sophisticated autonomous driving technology having completed 10 million miles of driving. Yet, it doesn’t get the attention it deserves from the media, as compared to competitors such as Tesla, Uber, Zoox, etc. I often wondered why, until recently when I realized what Alphabet has in store for the company.

Alphabet wants to build an operating system for cars. It wants to do to car industry what it did with Android to…


I have been thinking about what’s the next big thing in technology since the time I was studying computer science engineering in college and trying to figure out which sub-sector should I specialize in — machine learning, web development, computer networks, mobile development or data analytics, and which language should I learn — Java, C, C#, Python, etc.

My view since then has been broadened. Few landmark developments in consumer technology get me thinking like nothing else because of the plethora of use-cases and applications they opened up. First was the introduction of Apple I and II with ‘the monitor…

Akshit Kawatra

Early Adopter // Amazon, Wharton, Bain

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